悦读文网

当前位置: 首页 > 平度事件 > 正文

儿童节的来历(中英版)六一儿童节

时间:2018-03-15来源:无证驾驶

  的由来

  国际儿童节的设立,和发生在二战期间一次着名的屠杀--利迪策惨案有关。1942年6月12日,德国法西斯枪杀了捷克利迪策村16岁以上的男性公民140余人和全部婴儿,并把妇女和90名儿童押往集中营。村里的房舍、建筑物均被烧毁,好端端的一个村庄就这样被德国法西斯给毁了。第二次世界大战结束后,世界各地经济萧条,成千上万的工人失业,过着饥寒交迫的生活。儿童的处境更糟,有的得了传染病,一批批地死去;有的则被迫当童工,受尽折磨,生活和生命得不到保障。为了悼念利迪策惨案和全世界所有在战争中死难的儿童,反对虐杀和毒害儿童,以及保障儿童权利,1949年11月,国际民主妇女联合会在莫斯科举行理事会议,各国代表愤怒地揭露了帝国主义分子和各国反动派残杀、毒害儿童的罪行。为了保障世界各国儿童的生存权、保健权 和受教育权,为了改善儿童的生活,会议决定以每年的6月1日为国际儿童节。当时的很多国家表示赞同,特别是社会主义国家。

  世界上许多国家都将6月1日定为儿童的节日,尤其是在社会主义国家。在欧美国家,儿童节的日期各不相同,而且往往很少举行社会公众性的庆祝活动。因此有人误解为只有社会主义国家才将6月1日定为国际儿童节。

  为了儿童癫痫病医院保障全世界儿童的权益,1949年11月,国际民主妇女联合会在莫斯科召开执委会决定,将每年6月1日作为国际儿童节。新中国成立后,中央人民政府政务院于1949年12月23日规定,将中国的儿童节与国际儿童节统一起来。
 

  establishment of the international children's day , and the occurrence of a famous during world war ii massacre - lidice tragedy related. june 12, 1942 , the german fascists shot czech village of lidice male citizens over the age of 16 , more than 140 people of all babies, and women and 90 children taken to concentration camps. the village houses, buildings were burned, a village hey germany and france and it was ruined . after worl脑外伤癫痫能治愈吗d war ii , the recession around the world, thousands of workers unemployed , the hungry live life . the worse the situation of children , and some had an infectious disease , died in droves ; others are forced to work as child labor, tortured life and life can not be guaranteed . to mourn the lidice tragedy and all the world's children who lost their lives in the war , oppose murder and poisoning of children, and to protect the rights of children , in november 1949 , the international federation of democratic women's council meeting held in moscow , delegate治疗儿童癫痫s angrily exposed the imperialists and reactionaries kill , poison crimes against children . in order to protect the world of children 's rights to survival , health and education , in order to improve the lives of children , it was decided in the annual june 1 international children's day. many countries agreed at the time , especially the socialist countries.

  many countries will be june 1 as the festival of children , especially in the socialist countries. in western countries, children's day dates vary, often with little celebrations of the pu手术治疗癫痫blic . so it was misunderstood as only socialist country before the june 1 as the international children's day.

  in order to protect the interests of the world's children , in november 1949 , the international federation of democratic women's executive committee decided to convene in moscow on june 1 of each year as the international children's day . after the founding of new china , the central people's government administration council on december 23, 1949 regulations, the china children's day and international children's day unified.

------分隔线----------------------------